A Few Words With John Waraniak
By Steve Campbell
A Few Words With John Waraniak
Technology constantly creates changes to automobiles and automotive businesses. In response, SEMA’s vehicle technology programs and displays help members understand the disruptive nature of technology and how to protect their businesses in the face of technological changes.
Waraniak’s resume began in an aerospace off-the-grid hangar where some of the industry’s most brilliant renegades got their start, including Alan Mulally, CEO of Ford Motor Company. But it also encompasses a range of industries where his innate curiosity and knack for systems thinking and vehicle technology made him one of the most respected executives in the automotive world—and well beyond. Waraniak is equally at home in an aerospace skunkworks in Pico Rivera, California, a boardroom in Mumbai, India, on a motocross track in Buchanan, Michigan, or on the Vehicle Technology Center stage at the SEMA Show in Las Vegas.
As part of our annual look at where automotive technology currently stands and where it is heading, SEMA News again engaged in a wide-ranging conversation with Waraniak, delving deeper into the impact of technology on SEMA members’ companies and the four megatrends central to the future of the automotive performance aftermarket: Driving Green, Driving Connected, Driving Safe and Driving Cool.
SEMA News: Technology constantly creates changes to automobiles and, consequently, to automotive aftermarket businesses. What should SEMA members understand about the disruptive nature of technology and how to protect their businesses in the face of technological changes?
Disruptive technologies are not necessarily disruptive to customers, and they are often difficult for companies to recognize or acknowledge. Even if a disruptive technology or innovation is recognized, most businesses often ignore it, deny it or discount its impact because it threatens their existing technological expertise and understanding. Disruptive technologies are integral to both the relevance and the future of SEMA and the performance aftermarket. To ignore their impact is a fundamental mistake.
Disruptive technologies are not a new phenomenon. They have been around since the beginning of the industry. Cadillac introduced the first starter in 1912; Oldsmobile introduced the first automatic transmission in 1939; Chrysler offered the first production power steering system in 1951 and antilock brakes in 1970. Each of those disrupted what had been in place previously, and the list goes on with fuel injection and many other body, chassis, powertrain, interior and electrical system technologies.
Today, we have voice-activated infotainment, electronic stability control, drive-by-wire, Internet radio and cars that tweet. Just last year, Google introduced a fleet of autonomous vehicles, one of which drove itself from Carson, Nevada, to the SEMA Show and parked itself in the Vehicle Technology Center! And Neil Young is integrating many of the latest self-driving technologies into his ‘59 Lincvolt, which was introduced at the 2010 SEMA Show.
Disruptive technologies don’t totally eliminate existing technologies, but they do often eliminate businesses and companies. Television did not eliminate radio; automobiles and planes did not eliminate trains; the Internet has not eliminated print media. But many companies that failed to acknowledge the impact of these disruptive technologies on their businesses no longer exist. Kodak is a contemporary example of a company whose core competency was chemical photography. It ignored and failed to future-proof its business by understanding the impact of digital-photography technology on its future.
|Disruptive technologies don’t totally eliminate existing technologies, but they do often eliminate businesses and companies.|
Many companies, organizations and associations create strategic business plans; however, relatively few create technology roadmaps to assess the impact of technology on their future. In today’s hyper-competitive performance aftermarket, you need both a strategic business plan and a technology roadmap. A technology roadmap is a plan that aligns your short-term and long-term business objectives with specific technology developments, innovations, applications and solutions to help you achieve your strategic, tactical and operational goals.
Developing a technology roadmap for your business has two major benefits: It helps you develop a common understanding about a set of goals and the technologies impacting those goals, and it provides a framework to help you link those
technologies to your products and markets and create your preferred future.
Brian Smith, vice president of marketing at Lexus, participated on our panel entitled “The Future of Performance and Customization” at the 2011 SEMA Show and introduced an excellent series of videos that sum up technology disruption and how Lexus is future-proofing its business. SEMA News readers can view the videos at http://www.lexus.com/Engineering_Amazing/?A-Future-Proof-Approach.
Last year, Google introduced a fleet of autonomous vehicles. This one drove itself from Carson, Nevada, to the SEMA Show and parked itself in the Vehicle Technology Center!
JW: SEMA’s partnership with CU-ICAR is an excellent example of the association’s innovative approach to vehicle technology and generative thinking. SEMA and CU-ICAR teamed up three years ago to offer SEMA members special access to world-class resources and engineering talent. SEMA held its quarterly Board of Directors meeting last November at Clemson in Greenville, South Carolina, to help communicate the benefits, resources and opportunities available to members. For many, it was a step into the future and a better understanding of the technologies driving the automotive industry. It also included an interactive discussion on how SEMA companies can help future-proof their businesses.
September 1, 2011, marked the date when the U.S. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) issued Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard (FMVSS) 126, which requires all motor vehicles with a gross vehicle weight of 10,000 pounds or less to have an electronic stability control (ESC) system that complies with specific design, performance and diagnostic requirements. Original-equipment manufacturers must now have ESC as standard equipment on all applicable vehicles. Thanks to the efforts of SEMA, the aftermarket was granted a one-year exemption, and the regulation for aftermarket companies goes into affect on September 1, 2012.
ESC monitors vehicle motion. When loss of driver control is imminent, ESC strategically applies the brakes to help stabilize the vehicle. Similar requirements for the rest of the global automotive community are contained in the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe 13H regulations. While performance purists may not want ESC on their vehicles, I think they welcome the technology for their families and the distracted drivers on America’s roads.
SEMA’s Vehicle Dynamics Program and member companies have made great strides in understanding how performance products such as suspension, brakes, wheels, tires and steering as well as engine modifications may interact with ESC systems. As part of our comprehensive effort over the past five years, members were invited to attend the Vehicle Dynamics Forum presentations, demonstrations and solutions regarding FMVSS 126 and the ESC performance of aftermarket-modified vehicles at the SEMA Show. The hardware-in-the-loop technology available to members is the same as that used by all OEMs and major suppliers around the world to develop, test and simulate vehicle dynamics, new chassis system components, engines, powertrains, drivelines, suspensions and vehicle electronic control systems.
The collaborative approach developed by SEMA has minimized cost while establishing unique capabilities for members that are interested in evaluating the impact of their products on vehicle dynamics and ESC performance. ProComp, Superlift, Hellwig, Tenneco and Eibach as well as Ford Motor Company have participated in this effort, while SEMA technology partners such as dSPACE, Mechanical Simulation, Morse Measurements, Link Engineering and Clemson have provided their expertise and equipment to the program. The SEMA Vehicle Dynamics Program continues to expand with several new members beginning in the spring of 2012.
SN: Ever-increasing vehicle complexity is obviously a concern to SEMA members, not only as it applies to the development of original-equipment systems within vehicles but also in how the carmakers permit or limit aftermarket participation and innovation with those systems. What should members know about the newest systems?
JW: Disruptive technologies are driving automakers and aftermarket companies to new levels of collaboration and profitability—particularly in the area of integrating consumer and automotive electronics. Growth and innovation are all about connecting vehicles to consumer’s lifestyles, brands and experiences through vehicle performance, connectivity, dynamics and personalization.
Technology and open innovation are central to profitable growth. When combined with what I call the Aftermarket X-Factor and collaborative business, revenue and organizational models, they are rapidly democratizing traditional product, service, marketing and branding strategies. Together, these technologies, collaborative practices and megatrends have the power to make, move and reshape markets and are leading the automotive industry to one of the most exciting times in history for both OEM and aftermarket industry players.
The Technical Briefing Seminars program provides SEMA members with in-depth information and networking opportunities with leading industry experts. Speakers at the sessions held during the 2011 SEMA Show included Paul Mascarenas, chief technical officer and vice president for Ford research and innovation.
JW: The VTC and the continued expansion of our TBS program are great examples of SEMA’s commitment to member education. The VTC was located in the upper South Hall in the Las Vegas Convention Center last year. The purpose of the VTC and the TBS program is to educate SEMA members and to introduce them to the programs, tools, resources, partners, solutions and benefits available to them at affordable costs.
The association’s vehicle technology programs and initiatives are an investment in SEMA’s collective future. The VTC and its four tech zones focused on vehicle performance, dynamics, connectivity and personalization and were designed to be relevant to today’s enthusiasts as well as to appeal to tomorrow’s next generation of performance and technology enthusiasts by bringing greater focus to current and emerging aftermarket opportunities.
The TBS program provides members with in-depth information, hands-on and networking opportunities with leading industry experts to help them understand the impact on their businesses today as well as to prepare them with the knowledge and information to leverage tomorrow’s technologies and business opportunities.
Last year’s speakers included Paul Mascarenas, Jim Campbell and Brian Smith from the OEMs; Beau Boeckmann, Chip Foose, Myles Kovacs, Tony Vanillo, Melanie White and Wilfried Eibach from the SEMA community; nonendemic leaders such as Anthony Levandowski from Google, Justyn Amstutz from NPA, Roland Sands from Roland Sands Designs and Alex Striler from XplayNation. This year’s roster of speakers will be equally impressive and will include an even wider range and depth of speakers representing a who’s who in the performance aftermarket as well as experts in the technologies, trends and opportunities that are driving the automotive specialty-equipment industry. Members can view videos of Paul Mascarenas’ keynote address and the performance branding panel session at the SEMA website’s vehicle technology landing page (www.SEMA.org/vehicletechnology).
The VTC and TBS program this year will focus on the impact of advanced vehicle technologies on the aftermarket, the future of performance and customization, brand democracy, youth sourcing and marketing to enthusiasts, design and social thinking. We’ll also focus on designing for customization, vehicle dynamics of aftermarket-modified vehicles, connected-vehicle technologies and a new race series, Global RallyCross.
“Future-proofing” is the process of anticipating emerging and future technology developments in order to mitigate potential negative consequences and leverage new opportunities for your business.
SEMA is developing a pilot program with A2Mac1 to help support our members with vehicle benchmarking data and information for product development, installation, service, customization and marketing. A2mac1 is the leader in providing benchmarking services to the automotive industry. It is an independent, family-owned company with a team of 100 staff based in France, Detroit and Shanghai.
A2Mac1 supports nearly every OEM and more than 50 suppliers in their benchmarking needs. The company’s portfolio of services includes auto-show coverage, vehicle teardown, 2D, 3D, body-in-white and special studies. By working jointly with OEMs and suppliers, A2mac1 has the potential to add significant value and benefits to our vehicle technology, Tech Transfer and Measuring Session programs.
Hellwig, ProComp, Superlift, Tenneco, Eibach and Ford Motor Company have worked with SEMA in a collaborative approach to establishing the capability for members to evaluate the impact of their products on vehicle dynamics and electronic stability control systems.
JW: The musclecar and performance vehicle market segments are alive and well. Jim Campbell, General Motors vice president of performance vehicles and motorsports, invited me to a special preview where he introduced the new Hot Wheels Camaro and Chevy’s new Central Office Production Order (COPO) crate engines, and he elaborated on the ZL1 and new technologies at the SEMA Show.
The COPO nameplate pays homage to the iconic high-powered 1969 Camaros created back in the day through a loophole in Chevy’s special-order program. The ZL1 Camaro features a supercharged, intercooled 6.2-liter V8 engine with an estimated 580 horsepower and 556 pounds-feet of torque, a six-speed manual transmission, a dual-plate clutch, active suspension, 20-inch tires with aluminum wheels and 14-inch brakes. The ZL1 is expected to be available this month. Campbell was quick to point out that 60% of the 50 new Chevys featured at the SEMA Show were Sonics and Cruzes and represent the company’s emphasis on making small cars cool with personalization and performance upgrades.
Jamie Allison, Ford’s director of racing for North America, and Darrell Behmer, designer of the 2012 Ford Mustang Boss 302, also provided a very interesting presentation at our Technology Briefing Session at the Show. The Boss 302 comes with two keys. Ford’s Track Key technology is an innovative solution and excellent example of the technologies powering today’s performance vehicles.
Track Key adds powertrain control software and gives the car full race calibration and two-stage launch control without negatively affecting the warranty. The software is installed after the car is purchased and is accessed through a separate key. Use the black key, and you get typical street performance from the 444-horsepower Boss. Use the red key, and the track programming takes over. Switch back to the black key, and the car goes back to street mode.
The idea is that weekend racers can simply use a key to switch up the car’s performance, using the black key to get to and from the track and using the red key during track time. There are over 200 engine parameters that can be adjusted, including spark maps and engine braking. Ford created a dual-patch powertrain control module to avoid the complexity and cost issues with using two powertrain control modules. This is a truly innovative approach to performance, and I wouldn’t be surprised to see SEMA tuners developing similar solutions and products.
Ford also announced that enthusiasts who think that the 2.0-liter engine from the 2012 Ford Focus would be a fine fit for their project vehicles will be able to buy one from Ford Racing’s crate-engine program. While the need for speed is not going away any time soon, horsepower is competing with the computing power of today’s vehicles. Your future-proofing strategy and technology plan depends on the market segment your company is focused on.
According to Deloitte’s recent study of young car buyers, Gen-Y—the 80 million people born in the U.S. from 1980 to the early 1990s—prefers vehicles packed with safety and connectivity technology. On the other end of the demographic spectrum, performance often trumps connectivity for many Baby Boomers born between 1946 and 1964. I often tell companies that if it’s too connected, you’re too old. By old I
do not mean age; I mean your world view of technology and your perspectives on optimization.
Friends and family influence over 60% of young people’s brand and technology decisions. Earned media is quickly replacing paid media as the top driver of youth consumer behavior. Almost nine of 10 Gen-Y consumers surveyed say that fuel efficiency is a key factor in choosing a vehicle. Half of them say that they are willing to pay an additional $300 per vehicle for each one mile per gallon of improvement.
Onboard, instrument-panel technology is the most important element of a vehicle interior for 59% of Gen-Y buyers. Nearly three-quarters prefer touch screens, and nearly as many rate smartphone applications as highly desirable. Most young buyers also want to be able to customize their vehicle interiors with accessories and upgrades after purchase. Deloitte says they are willing to spend an average of $3,000 on vehicle hardware for connectivity, and they would pay an average of $2,000 per vehicle for safety systems such as collision avoidance, blind-spot detection and sleep alerts to offset the dangers of driver distraction.
Following and integrating with Gen-Y, there is also a cohort called Generation-O by my friend Graham Brown, principal of mobileYouth and author of All is Social. This is the generation of 10- to 29-year-olds known as optimizers. Gen-O will be the generation that shows the industry the way forward in how new technologies, apps and products will be used to optimize the customer experience.
The Hot Wheels Camaro is one of several Chevrolet projects that include Chevy’s new Central Office Production Order (COPO) crate engines as well as new technologies that General Motors Vice President of Performance Vehicles and Motorsports Jim Campbell spoke about during the SEMA Show.
JW: Cars aren’t smartphones on wheels yet, but they will be soon. More than 100 million people in the U.S. have smartphones and want their phones to work with the head unit in their vehicles. Alan Mulally, Ford Motor Company CEO, recently stated that, “The car is a mobile application. If you want to be connected, use your own smartphone in the car, have it voice-activated, hands on the wheel and eyes on the road—that’s the Ford strategy.”
Mulally was one of the first auto industry executives to recognize the disruptive technologies and new business opportunities of connected vehicles and the importance of connectivity to car buyers. Ford is doubling the infotainment applications available on Ford vehicles to 14, including applications with National Public Radio, an online coupon vendor called Roximity and a custom Internet radio service called Slacker.
Applications, or apps, are programs that operate web and Cloud services such as iTunes. The technology and ability for companies to send apps and software updates to vehicles by satellite or over the Internet allows automakers and aftermarket companies to greatly reduce the complexity of onboard vehicle systems. Taking the complex technology out of built-in embedded vehicle systems and putting it in the Cloud not only reduces complexity but also accelerates the adoption and commercialization of brought-in and beamed-in services and products provided by aftermarket
Ford is not alone with SYNC AppLink in recognizing the potential of connected-vehicle technologies and telematics opportunities for navigation, infotainment, diagnostics, maintenance, crash notification and many other features and conveniences demanded by consumers. Mercedes has mbrace2; Chrysler has Uconnect; Kia has UVO; Hyundai has Blue Link; Toyota and Lexus have Entune and Enform, respectively; and the industry’s first connected-vehicle technology—now in its ninth generation—was GM’s OnStar.
OnStar is offering its safety, security and connectivity services for non-GM and older GM vehicles already on the road through the aftermarket. A standalone rearview mirror known as FMV (For My Vehicle) packs all of OnStar’s core technology and is now available through consumer electronics and automotive aftermarket retailers. OnStar FMV offers key features, including automatic crash response, turn-by-turn navigation, stolen-vehicle location assistance, one-button access to emergency and roadside services, and hands-free calling, including Bluetooth connectivity.
Gen-O will be the generation that shows the industry the way forward in how new technologies, apps and products will be used to optimize the customer experience.
OnStar FMV is currently certified to work on more than 90 million of the 100 best-selling non-GM vehicles sold over the last 10 years, which equates to more than 75 models. OnStar expects to certify additional models in the months ahead and is giving selected app developers access to its application-programming interface for OnStar products and vehicles. Nick Pudar, OnStar’s vice president of business development, will present the latest aftermarket strategies for in-car mobile apps at the SEMA Show this year.
Distracted driving is obviously a major concern. Automakers want to build vehicles that can download apps, games, music and movies from a smartphone to a car’s entertainment system. But for every potential distraction automakers and aftermarket companies add, they find themselves having to build in ways to prevent drivers from crashing their new smartphone on wheels—automatically applying the brakes at a traffic light; alerting drivers when a car is in a blind spot; or reading traffic signs and slowing a car as speed zones change.
“We can’t stop the prolific growth of consumer technology,” said Paul Mascarenas, chief technical officer at Ford. “We can’t stop people bringing phones in their cars. We endeavor to make sure people do it in the safest way possible.”
Track Key adds powertrain control software to the 2012 Ford Boss 302 Mustang, giving the car full race calibration and two-stage launch control without negatively affecting the warranty. The black key provides typical street performance tuning, and the red key switches to on-track programming.
Many automakers offering in-vehicle technologies already use voice-based interfaces, but Apple’s approach goes beyond voice recognition to enable app interaction and task completion, such as “make appointment at noon.” It will be a natural fit for navigation apps, enabling the user to verbally update routes or check road conditions by voice rather than by touching a screen or device.
One of the latest technologies is being introduced by Delphi. It uses a camera to track the orientation of your face. Take your eyes off the road for more than two seconds, and a yellow light flashes in the heads-up display, drawing your attention back to the road. Keep your eyes off the road for five seconds, and your smartphone screen dims.
Connected-vehicle technologies have the potential to avoid up to 80% of crash scenarios. David Strickland, head of NHTSA, recently said that federal safety regulators will decide next year whether to begin making rules governing technology that enables vehicles to electronically avoid collisions. NHTSA is completing several pilot studies, some of which included Denso’s aftermarket safety device presented at last year’s SEMA Show, to provide enough data to decide whether the government should mandate communication technology in cars. NHTSA also recently issued a set of voluntary guidelines for automakers to disable applications that allow drivers to manually access social media, surf the web or send text messages while on the road. The recommendations urge that OEMs seek to prevent any in-car technologies that require drivers to use both hands or take their eyes off the road for more than two seconds.
There are 250 million vehicles on the road in the United States today, and OEMs sell only 14 to 15 million new vehicles a year. At that rate, it will take decades to get to a critical mass of new cars that can talk to one another to achieve the vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) communications network effect. But we could reach critical mass years sooner while simultaneously increasing sales for aftermarket manufacturers, retailers and installers by adding V2V communication capability through personal navigation devices, specialized aftermarket devices and smartphones—which is the Aftermarket X-Factor.
SN: How are social media affecting—or being affected by—advanced automotive technologies? What is the difference between “design thinking” and “social thinking”?
JW: Design thinking is focused on product content, problem solving and logic. It is a top-down, focus-group, expert-driven product development process that gives you things like a cleverly designed vacuum cleaner. Social thinking is quite the opposite and is focused on product context, benefit optimization and emotion. It is a bottom-up, frontline, crowd-driven innovation process that gives you things like Facebook.
Growth and innovation are all about connecting vehicles to consumer’s lifestyles, brands and experiences through vehicle performance, connectivity, dynamics and personalization.
Advanced vehicle technologies combined with social media have democratized traditional design, marketing and branding models. Disruptive technologies have the power to make, move and reshape markets and have led the auto industry to one of the most exciting times in history for consumers, endemic and new aftermarket industry players.
Performance branding isn’t about choices in media but choices in mindset. Brand management is old school. The future of performance branding, brand democracy, designing for customization, youth sourcing and social networking is all about connecting vehicles to consumer’s lifestyles, brands and experiences. From vehicle dynamics and performance accessories to smartphone applications that interact with consumer vehicles and onboard technologies, successful designing and marketing to automotive enthusiasts today requires strategies that make customers part of your brand through design, movements, storytelling and advocacy.
Your company’s ability to deliver a superior, personalized customer experience will set you apart from your competitors, inspire fans and advocates and drive spending on your products or services. Customers buy your stuff but, more importantly, they buy what your stuff does for them. You need to sell the benefits of your products and services to your fans and enthusiasts.
Disruptive technologies are integral to both the relevance and the future of SEMA and the performance aftermarket. To ignore their impact is a fundamental mistake.
SN: Of all the ideas and insights we’ve discussed here, what are the one or two most essential takeaways that SEMA members should keep on top of? How is SEMA helping them to increase their awareness and take advantage of emerging and disruptive technologies?
JW: Never stop questioning and learning. Go to the Gemba—the place where value is created. There is an old Chinese proverb that says the best time to plant a tree is 20 years ago; the second best time is today.
OnStar is offering its safety, security and connectivity services for non-GM and older GM vehicles already on the road through the aftermarket. The standalone OnStar FMV rearview mirror packs all of the core technology and is now available through consumer electronics and automotive aftermarket retailers.
SEMA’s vehicle technology programs and partnerships are designed to provide members with relevant information, knowledge and solutions to help them compete today and prepare for tomorrow. The SEMA Vehicle Technology Center provides members with valuable resources, and the association’s Technology Briefing Seminars are must-attend education sessions for serious technology enthusiasts and performance professionals committed to developing technology roadmaps and business plans focused on future-proofing their survival and growth.
The automotive specialty-equipment industry has been and will always be challenged by complex vehicle technologies, federal regulations, systems integration and safety considerations. SEMA is continually working to provide unique benefits and value to members by developing vehicle technology solutions and building relationships that foster collaboration between automakers, suppliers, retailers, research organizations, industry associations and member companies.
It may be tough, but the grid is set for the next few years to be podium years for many specialty-equipment companies. The question is, are you prepared to win? Like many of the successful racers I have known, you have to ask yourself if you have done everything you can do to future-proof your success and give your company the best possible chance of winning. Do you have a technology roadmap? Does your organization understand the impact of emerging technologies on your core competencies, future product development plans and new business opportunities?
Clint Eastwood provided excellent insight and great advice to those SEMA members committed to facing the challenges and leveraging the opportunities of disruptive technologies. In the gritty “It’s Halftime in America” commercial that Chrysler aired during the Super Bowl, Eastwood essentially said that if you can’t find a way through tough times, make one.